High mountains, a variety of lakes, and Gobi desert regions represent western Mongolia. Mongolian westernmost mountain Altai Tavan Bogd mountains, the Great Lakes Depression, and 21 out of Mongolian 32 different Gobi regions are located in Western Mongolia.
Altai Tavan Bogd mountains: Located in Bayan-Ulgii province. Snow-clad peaks, Glaciers, Aiguilles, Mountain Valleys, Wilderness ecosystem of beautiful nature covers the 636,161-hectare land. Mongolian highest point Khuiten peak (4374m) is in Altai Tavan Bogd Mountains, and the lowest point of Altai Mountains is in Khurgan lake 1800m. Khoton, Khurgan, Dayan, Khovd, Khar Salaa, Tsagaan Salaa, Songinot, Yolt river basins are surrounded by high mountains of Mongol Altai mountains. Khoton, Khurgan, Dayan are the glaciation originated biggest lakes, apart from them there are around 250 little lakes are in the Altai Mountains. 96 percent of glaciers of Mongolia is located in the Altai Mountains, the biggest 1 is Potanin glacier 24 square kilometers. Mountain's black-brown soil, valley and mire soils are common and quite rocky. There are total 1200 different species of plants are recorded in the Altai Mountains, 131 of them are the xylem, and 889 of them are the gramineous type of plants. Snow Leopard, Common Otter, Red Deer, Argali-Wild Sheep, Wolf, Fox and carnivorous birds such as Bearded Vulture, Vulture, Golden Eagle, Buzzard, Falcon lives in the forest area. As well as endangered birds encounter such as Altai Snowcock, White-throated Bushchat, Dalmatian Pelican, Whooper Swan, Black Stork, Pallas's gull, Wild Goose. In the rivers, Mongolian Grayling, Big Mouth Osman, Altai Osman are common fishes. Petroglyphs are common on the crags and rocks that date back to 2500-3000 years. Deer stones and ancient tombs are common scenes in the area. Mountain climbing and Mountaineering, Natural, Bird watching, Fishing, and Archeological travels are more common in Altai Tavan Bogd mountains.
The Great Lakes Depression: It is a large semi-arid depression that covers parts of the Uvs, Khovd, Bayan-Ulgii, Zavkhan and Govi-Altai provinces. Bounded by the Altai mountains in the West, Khangai mountains in the East and Tannu-Ola Mountains in the North, it covers the area of over 100,000 km2 (39,000 sq mi) with elevations from 750 to 2,000 m (2,460–6,560 ft). The depression is named so because it contains six major Mongolian lakes: saline Uvs lake, Khyargas lake and Durgun lake; and freshwater Khar-Us lake, Khar lake, and Airag lake. In addition, it includes 14,000 km2 (5,400 sq mi) of solonchak and large sandy areas. Northern parts are dominated by arid steppes and southern by semideserts or deserts. The major rivers are Khovd River, Zavkhan Gol, and Tesiin Gol. The depression is a major freshwater basin of Mongolia and contains important wetlands of Central Asia. The wetlands are based on the system of interconnected shallow lakes with wide reed belts within a generally desert steppe. The wetlands support a number of rare migrating birds: Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), black stork (Ciconia nigra), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus Albicilla), swan goose (Cygnopsis Cygnoides), and bar-headed goose (Anser Indicus). Only a few individuals of great white pelican (Pelecanus onocrotalus) remain in the Great Lakes Basin in Mongolia. They nest in catchment areas of rivers and lakes that have abundant fish and vegetation.
Gobi: In Mongolian lands, there are 32 types of huge Gobi regions. They are all different than each other by the landscapes, plants, and animals. 21 out of 32 different Gobi regions are located in the western part of Mongolia. They start from the south side of the Altai mountains and the Great Lakes Depression. The Gobi gives you the feeling of you are on a completely different planet. This ancient ocean's secret and beauty never stops fascinating the repeat travelers. Gobi's most endangered animal Gobi Bear Mazaalai lives in the western part of Gobi. Natural, Archeological, and endurance adventure travels are common in the Gobi.